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中国防痨杂志 ›› 2021, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 107-112.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-6621.2021.02.002

• 论著 • 上一篇    下一篇


王前, 李涛, 杜昕(), 倪妮, 赵雁林, 张慧()   

  1. 102206 北京,中国疾病预防控制中心结核病预防控制中心
  • 收稿日期:2020-11-12 出版日期:2021-02-10 发布日期:2021-02-03
  • 通信作者: 杜昕,张慧;
  • 基金资助:

The analysis of national tuberculosis reported incidence and mortality, 2015—2019

WANG Qian, LI Tao, DU Xin(), NI Ni, ZHAO Yan-lin, ZHANG Hui()   

  1. National Center for Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China
  • Received:2020-11-12 Online:2021-02-10 Published:2021-02-03
  • Contact: DU Xin,ZHANG Hui;


目的 了解2015—2019年我国肺结核报告发病情况的主要变化趋势。 方法 利用2015—2019年我国《传染病报告信息管理系统》报告的肺结核(临床诊断和实验室诊断)发病数据,分析全国肺结核报告发病率、不同省份肺结核报告发病率、不同年龄段和不同性别肺结核报告发病例数及各自占对应年龄段人口总数的比例、不同职业肺结核报告发病例数及其占发病职业人口总数的比例。结果 2015年全国肺结核报告发病率为63.42/10万(864015/136247万),2019年全国肺结核报告发病率为55.55/10万(775764/139654万)。2019年较2015年报告发病率下降了12.41%。2015—2018年新疆维吾尔自治区的报告发病率均位居各省之首,逐年分别为184.56/10万(42413/2298万)、185.66/10万(43816/2360万)、202.59/10万(48581/2398万)、304.90/10万(74549/2445万)。到2019年,西藏自治区成为报告发病率最高的地区,为182.38/10万(6274/344万)。2015、2019年全国肺结核报告发病患者性别分布上,男性分别占68.97%(595939/864015)和68.83%(533981/775764);女性分别占31.03%(268076/864015)和31.17%(241783/775764)。职业分布上,2015—2019年农民报告发病的比例均最高,分别占64.42%(556643/864015)、63.81%(533637/836236)、62.26%(520003/835193)、61.42%(505664/823342)、60.06%(465945/775764)。结论 2015—2019年,我国肺结核报告发病情况呈现稳定下降趋势,应重视农民、新疆和西藏地区的结核病防控工作。

关键词: 结核,肺, 流行病学研究, 数据说明,统计


Objective To understand main trends of reported case number of tuberculosis (TB) in China from 2015 to 2019. Methods By using TB incident case data (clinical diagnosed and laboratory confirmed) reported and recorded in the National Infectious Disease Reporting and Management System between 2015 and 2019, to analyze the national TB reported incidence and mortality, and TB reported incidence in different provinces,TB reported case numbers in different sex, age groups, occupations and their respective proportions. Results In 2015, the TB reported incidence nationwide was 63.42/100000 (864015/1362470000) which decreased to 55.55/100000 (775764/1396540000) in 2019, 12.41% lower than that in 2015. From 2015 to 2018, the reported incidence of Xinjiang Autonomous Region ranked first among all provinces, which were 184.56/100000 (42413/22980000), 185.66/100000 (43816/2360000), 202.59/100000 (48581/23980000), and 304.90/100000 (74549/24450000). In 2019, the Tibet Autonomous Region became the province with the highest reported incidence which was 182.38/100000 (6274/3440000). In terms of the sex distribution of reported cases in 2015 and 2019, males accounted for 68.97% (595939/864015) and 68.83% (533981/775764) respectively; females accounted for 31.03% (268076/864015) and 31.17% (241783/775764) respectively. In terms of occupational distribution, the proportion of farmers was the highest in 2015-2019, accounting for 64.42% (556643/864015), 63.81% (533637/836236), 62.26% (520003/835193), 61.42% (505664/823342), 60.06% (465945/775764), respectively. Conclusion From 2015 to 2019, the TB reported incidence in China showed a steady downward trend. Attention should be paid to the prevention and control of TB in key occupations and regions such as farmers, Tibet and Xinjiang Autonomous Region.

Key words: Tuberculosis,pulmonary, Epidemiologic studies, Data interpretation,statistical